Predictibilidad en la inducción de aberración esférica basada en la asfericidad corneal post LASIK en miopes

Oscar Enrique Piñeros Sánchez


Purpose: To determine the predictability of postoperative ocular spherical aberration (Z 4,0) based on postoperative corneal asphericity (Q value) in patients with myopic astigmatism.

Design: Case series, retrospective.

Methods: Wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) was performed in 40 eyes of 23 patients using the Schwind Esiris Excimer Laser. Patients were evaluated preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. Spherical aberration was measured with a COAS Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor, and determined for a 6 mm analysis diameter zone. Corneal asphericity was measured with the Orbscan II topographer. Correlation and linear regression analysis was performed. A P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Treated eyes had a mean manifest spherical error of –2.98 + 1.36 Diopters (D), and a mean manifest astigmatic error of 0.52 + 0.46 D. The mean Q was -0.30 + 0.13 preoperatively and +0.03 + 0.22 postoperatively. Th e mean spherical aberration was 0.054 + 0.109 microns preoperatively and 0.262 + 0.135 microns postoperatively. We found a positive statistically significant correlation between postoperative Q value and postoperative spherical aberration (r=0.367) (P=0.02). The postoperative Q value showed a low correlation with postoperative spherical aberration (R2=0.14).

Conclusions: There was an increase in corneal asphericity and spherical aberration after surgery. Postoperative corneal asphericity is mildly associated with postoperative spherical aberration. Predictability of postoperative spherical aberration in terms of correlation with postoperative Q value was poor, suggesting that corneal asphericity is not a major predictor of spherical aberration induction.

Palabras clave

Lasik, myopia, astigmatism, corneal asphericity, spherical aberration.

Texto completo:



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