Quistes Retinianos Maculares, Fisiopatogenia e Implicaciones. Reporte de Serie de Casos

Alvaro Rodriguez, Francisco J. Rodriguez, Marcela Valencia

Resumen


Objetivo: Reporte de casos que han presentado quistes retinianos maculares de fi siopatología traccional y con implicaciones ulteriores, sea hacia la involución espontánea o la progresión hacia agujero macular y su manejo.
Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo, tipo serie de casos, observados por retinólogos de una Institución Oftalmológica, estudiados en seguimiento y documentados con tomografía óptica coherente espectral. 

Resultados: Fueron satisfactorios anatómica y funcionalmente según su evolución y manejo.
Conclusiones: Los quistes maculares traccionales pueden involucionar favorablemente o conducir a agujeros de manejo quirúrgico y pronóstico variable.


Palabras clave


agujero macular, quistes maculares, ruptura, tracción vitreoretiniana.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Kakehashi A, Schepens CL, Trempe CL. Vitreomacular observations. Vitreomacular adhesión and hole in the premacular hyaloid. Ophthalmology, 1994;101:1515-21 2 Haouchine B, Massin P, Gaudric A. Foveal pseudocyst as the first step in macular hole formation a prospective study by optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology 2001;108(1):15-22 3 Spaide RA. Closure of outer lamellar macular hole by vitrectomy: hypothesis for one mechanism of macular hole formation. RETINA.2000;Vol20:587-590 4 Haouchine B, Massin P, Tadayoni R, Erginay A, Gaudric A. Diagnosis of macular pseudoholes and lamellar macular holes by optical coherence tomography. Am J Ophthalmol 2004;138(5):732-739 5 Takahashi H, Kishi S. Tomographic features of a lamellar macular hole formation and a lamellar hole that progressed to a full-thickness macular hole. Am J Ophthalmol 2000; 130(5):677-679

Gaudric A, Haouchine B, Massin P. Paques M, Bladir P, Erginay A. Macular hole formation. Arch Ophthalmol 1999; 117; 744-751 7 Yun C, OH J, Huang SY, Toghoon A, Kim SW, Huh K. Morphologic characteristics of chronic macular hole on optical coherence tomography. RETINA 32:2077-2084, 2012 8 Schuman JS, Puliafi to CA, Fujimoto JG. Optical Coherence tomography of ocular disease, 99-101, Slack Inc. Th orofare, NJ. 2004. 9 Kokame GT, Tokuhara KG, Surgical management of inner lamellar macular hole. Ophthalmic Surg Laser Imaging 2007;38(1):61-63 10 Th eodossiadis PG, Grigoropoulos VG, Emfi erzoglou L, et al. Evolution of lamellar macular hole studied by optical coherence tomography. Graefe’s Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2009; 247(1):13-20 11 Smiddy WE, Green WR, Michels RG, y cols. Ultrastructural studies and vitreomacular traction síndromes. Am J Ophthalmol 1989; 107: 177-183. 12 Guyer DR, Green WR, Bustros S. Et al Histopathologic features of idiophathic macular cysts and holes. Ophthalmology 1990;97:10451051 13 Spaide RF. Vitreomacular traction síndrome. Retina. 2012; 32: S187-90. 14 Rodríguez A, Valencia M, Rodríguez FJ, Gómez FE. El Síndrome de tracción Vitreomacular. Rev. Sociedad Colombiana de Oftalmología Vol 45 (4):289-368, 2012 15 Sulkes DJ, Ip MS, Baumal CR, Wu HK, Puliafi to CA, Spontaneous resolution of vitreomacular traction documented by optical coherence tomography, Arch Ophthalmol 2000; 118: 286-287. 16 Rodríguez A, Rodríguez FJ, Infante R. Spontaneous separation in idiopathic vítreo macular traction síndrome associated to contralateral full-thickness macular hole. Eur J Ophthalmol 2006; 16: 733740. 17 Gass JDM. Información personal, 1988. 18 Smiddy WE, Michels RG, Glaser BM, y cols. Vitrectomy for macular traction caused by incomplete vitreous separation. Arch Ophthalmology 1988;106: 624-628 19 Agarwal A, MD. Complications following cystoid macular edema, in Gass´Atlas of macular discases, P 506 Elsevier Saunders, fi fth edition 2012 20 Johnson MW. Vitreomacular disorder: pathogenesis and treatment RETINA, september 2012 supplement S;25:232 21 Stalmans P, Benz MS, Gandorfer A y Cols, Enzymatic vitreolysis with ocriplasmin for vitreomacular traction and macular holes. N Engl J Med. 2012; 367:606-15. 22 Rodríguez A, Infante R, Rodríguez FJ, Valencia M. Late development of lamellar macular hole after spontaneous separation of vitreoretinal traction síndrome (in publication). 23 Chang Lk, Koizumi H, Spaide RF, Disruption of the photoreceptor inner segment-outer segment junction in eyes with macular holes. Retina 2008;28(7):969-975

Th eodossiadis PG, Th eodossiadis GP, Charonis A, Emfi etzoglou L, Grigoropoulos VG, Liarakos VS. Th e photoreceptor layer as a pronostic factor visual acuity in the secondary epiretinal membrane after retinal detachment surgery; imaging analysis by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography Am J Ophthalmol 2011;151(6):973-980 25 Th eodossiadis PG, Grigoropoulus VG, Th edossiadis GP. The significance of the external limiting membrane in the recovery of photoreceptor layer after succesful macular hole closure a study by spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmologica, 2011; 176-184. 26 Reibaldi M, Parravano M, Varano M et al. Foveal microstructure and functional parameters in lamellar macular hole. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012; 154 (6): 974-980 27 Robison CD, Krebs I, Binder S, Barbaretto IA, Korsolis AI, Yannuzzi LA, Sadun AA and Sebag J. Vitreomacular adhesion in active age related macular degeneration. AJ Ophthalmol 2009; 148:79 – 82. 28 Tabandesh HM, Flynn H, Scott IU, Lewis ML, Rosenfeld PJ, Rodíguez FJ, Rodríguez A,Singerman LJ, Schiff man J. Visual acuity outcomes of patients 50 years and older with high myopia and untreated choroidal neovascularization. Ophthalmology 1999; 106: 2063-2067. 29 Rodríguez A, Rodríguez FJ, Gomez. FE. Normal fl uence photodynamic therapy associated with lamellar macular holes in exudative age related macular degeneration. Case series report (in publication). 30 Rodríguez A, Valencia M, Gomez. FE. Vitreomacular traction and macular holes associated to toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis (in press) 31 Arevalo JF, Mendoza AJ, Velez W, Rodríguez. FJ, Rodríguez A, Rosales Meneses JL, Yepes JB, Ramirez E, Dessouki A, Chan CK, Milia RA, Ramsay RC, García RA, Ruiz Moreno JM. Full thickness macular hole after LASIK for the for the correction of myopia. Ophthalmology 2005. 112: 1207-1212, USA.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


Copyright (c) 2018 Alvaro Rodriguez, Francisco J. Rodriguez, Marcela Valencia

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional.